Sunday, January 29, 2023

An Introduction to Diabetes Mellitus| What is Diabetes ?

A lot of people do not have an idea about what is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the body is unable to produce the acquired amount of insulinInsulin is a hormone, produced by the pancreas that controls the blood sugar/glucose level. When the body fails to produce enough insulin or proper transfer of blood glucose into the cells, the cells starve for fuel. When left untreated, persistent high blood glucose levels bring about a horde of unexpected problems. The most remarkably Diabetes Mellitus type 2-the most common of diabetes.

Glucose works as a fuel for the body. You can get it from a variety of fruits, milk, starchy food, and sugar. To control the blood sugar level you need to eat healthily and stay active. You may have to take pills as well as insulin.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

There are two main types

Type 1 Diabetes:

It is a condition in which the defense or immune system destroys the pancreatic cells that are responsible for the production of insulin. These cells are named beta cells. Type 1 diabetes is normally diagnosed in children and young people. Due to this reason, it is called juvenile diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Early signs of diabetes type 1 can be:

increased thirst

frequent urination

bedwetting in the children


blurry vision

stomach issues

mood swings

dry mouth

Type 2 Diabetes:

It is a long-lasting sickness that holds your body back from using insulin in the manner in which it ought to. Individuals with type 2 are insulin resistant.

Middle and old-age individuals are more prone to type 2. Normally it is called adult-onset diabetes. However, type 2 can also affect children and youngsters due to the obesity issue.

Type 2 is the most common kind. There are about twenty-nine million individuals in the U.S. with type 2. Another 84 million have prediabetes, which means their glucose (or blood glucose) is high however not sufficiently high to be diabetic yet.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Early signs of diabetes type 2 can be:

extreme thirst


getting infection

blur vision

peeing a lot

weight loss

numbness in hand/feet

Healthy Eating Tips for Diabetes

  1. Eat three suppers every day, including breakfast.
  2. Do not skip dinners in any condition.
  3. Space suppers 4 to 6 hours separated.
  4. Breakfast, lunch, and dinner ought to be about a similar size.
  5. The meal size should not be too small or too large.
  6. Take a piece of fresh fruit in each meal.
  7. limit the intake of juice to 1/2 cup in the day.
  8. Choose low-fat food.
  9. Reduce the portion size to your palm prefer having fish and skinless poultry.
  10. Cut sugar from your meals.

How to Detect and Diagnose Diabetes

There are many blood tests available to test diabetes mellitus. The most common include blood glucose and hemoglobin A1C. Haemoglobin A1C is the measure of blood glucose level over the past three months. While the blood glucose represents the current blood glucose level. Here is a table that might help you to get an idea about these tests.

Diabetes test
Diabetes Test Values

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