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What does a tonic-clonic seizure mean?

Most people who have a generalized seizure have a tonic-clonic seizure. Here’s a typical way to describe a tonic-clonic seizure:

Strong muscles contractions cause your body to become stiff (the tonic part). You lose your mind and fall. Your bladder may squeeze, and you may have to go to the bathroom. This stiff, or tonic, phase is quickly followed by the clonic, or shaking, phase. That happens when the muscles contract and relax over and over again. It looks like your whole body is shaking.

Before a tonic-clonic seizure, you might have some signs of something wrong. We call this a person’s aura. The aura can take many forms, such as strange movements, strange feelings, or strong emotions. But not everyone has auras, and most people have seizures without warning.

What does a tonic-clonic seizure mean?

The two stages are tonic and clonic

The tonic and the clonic parts.

During the first stage of tonic, a person might:

Lose consciousness

Fall if you stand or sit still

Experience muscle stiffness

After the tonic stage is over, the clonic stage will start right away. During the clonic phase, a person might:

Jerky movements in large muscle groups

Mouth full of foam or biting tongue

Blue skin or lips

Most of the time, there is a poetical phase after the seizure. The person will start to feel better. But they might fall asleep or stay out of it for a while. Most people can’t remember what happened and feel dizzy and confused for a few hours.

What makes tonic-clonic seizures happen?

Both genetics and the environment can cause an imbalance.

Among the genetic factors are:

When the top layer of the brain doesn’t form-fitting, it can lead to neuronal connections that aren’t right. It would help if you fixed gamma-amino butyric acid receptors, as we can’t track how neurons work.

Potassium channel mutations

A doctor can tell if a person is having a tonic-clonic seizure by looking at their medical history and asking them about the seizure. They will also do a physical exam and look for signs of a seizure, like bite marks on the tongue. But a doctor might think that a seizure is caused by epilepsy if:

Seizures have happened

24 hours passed between each seizure.

There is no evidence that the seizures were caused by something else.

A neurological exam

A test like a CT or MRI scan to look at the body

Clonic phase of a generalized tonic clonic seizures causes?

Clonic means jerking in a steady, rhythmic way. You can’t stop someone from having a seizure by putting your hands on them.

What does a tonic seizure look like?

A tonic seizure makes the arms, legs, or trunk muscles stiffen or tense up all of a sudden. If a person has a tonic seizure while standing, they may fall.

Can stress cause seizures that go on and on?

That is because all of these things change how excited your brain is. Your brain is susceptible to these changes; if they are big enough, you could start having seizures.

What does a tonic-clonic seizure mean?

Does it feel like when your body has a sizure?

You may still have some symptoms even after your brain has stopped having seizures. That is because symptoms like sleepiness, confusion, specific movements or inability to move, and trouble talking or thinking usually happen after a seizure.

Is there a cure for generalized epilepsy?

Many types of epilepsy need treatment for the rest of a person’s life to stop the seizures, but for some people, the seizures go away on their own.

How to treat and take care of a tonic-clonic seizure

There are many ways to treat epilepsy and medicines that can help stop seizures in people with epilepsy.

Women, who aren’t able to get pregnant,?

But sodium valproate shouldn’t be used when a woman is pregnant. Instead, women and girls who can have children are given lamotrigine or levetiracetam.

If sodium valproate doesn’t stop your seizures and your doctor stops giving it to you, you should be given lamotrigine or levetiracetam instead. If one of these doesn’t stop the seizures, you should give the other one.

If your seizures aren’t completely under control with the first treatment, your doctor may suggest you try a second one.

What can I do for help a person with a tonic-clonic seizure?

  • A tonic-clonic seizure is characterised by
  • Mind the clock.
  • Make sure people aren’t squeezing in too close.
  • To prevent further injury, you should place a pillow or article of clothing under the victim’s head.
  • Try not to prevent the person from leaving. When a seizure begins, it is best not to attempt to support the victim. Have them lie down instead.
  • If possible, remove hazards from around the person.
  • After the end of the tonic-clonic seizure
  • Carry out a recovery position roll, placing the patient on their side.

Do: During the stiff (tonic) part of a seizure, it is normal for the person to stop breathing for a short time. The face will turn white or even blue. During the clonic (shaking) part, breathing is not steady. When a tonic-clonic seizure ends, breathing goes back to normal. If not, ensure nothing is blocking your airway, like food or false teeth.

Do: Stay with the person and talk to them. Until they are fully better, reassure them. Don’t leave someone alone if they are still confused or dazed.

·         Please wait until you know for sure that they have all recovered before giving them anything to eat or drink.

·         obtaining assistance from a physician or an ambulance

·         They are experiencing a tonic-clonic seizure for the very first time.

Damage that you can’t fix

After a few minutes, the tonic-clonic seizure doesn’t stop. Status epileptics is rare, but it means that a seizure doesn’t stop or that they keep happening one after the other. That is an emergency, and you must destroy the tonic-clonic seizure immediately.

People have trouble breathing.

Problems and things that could go wrong

Many things can make a person more likely to have a seizure. These things are:

A history of epilepsy or seizures in the family

It hurts to the head

Meningitis and other infections of the brain

Using drugs like cocaine

Having health problems like cerebral palsy or autism

There is also evidence that people with certain types of epilepsy can have seizures if they don’t get enough sleep or are around flashing lights, like those on emergency vehicles.

Even though epilepsy can happen at any age, it usually starts when a person is a child.

What does a tonic-clonic seizure mean?


Even though it is rare, a person can get hurt during a seizure in a way that could end their life. A person can also have seizures that last for a long time.

How to act

Hurts themselves during the seizure

Has a fit in the water

People can help a person who is having a tonic-clonic seizure by:

We are putting them on the floor gently.

Flipping them over to help them breathe

Making sure there is nothing in the area that could hurt someone

I was folding a jacket or blanket and putting it under the person’s head.

Taking off glasses and undoing neckties

When someone has a seizure, it’s important to stay with them until it’s over. People should check to see if the person needs medical help; if not, they should help them get home safely.

What medication is given for tonic clonic seizures that get worse and worse?

Anticonvulsants like valproate, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, felbamate, topiramate, zonisamide, clobazam, and perampanel are used to treat tonic-clonic seizures.

When do these kinds of seizures happen?

Between 5 and 40 years old, tonic-clonic seizures happen all over the body. In 8 out of 10 people, it starts between the ages of 11 and 23 when they are teenagers or young adults.

Are tonic-clonic seizures dangerous enough to kill you?

Can a tonic-clonic seizure kill someone? A tonic-clonic seizure can kill a person. Some people may kill themselves by hurting themselves during a seizure or drowning if they have a water seizure. In epilepsy, someone can also die of sudden, unexpected death (SUDEP).


How do tonic-clonic seizures happen?

Clonic phase: The person’s muscles move on their own, like when they shake.

Poetical: This is the time when you are getting better. A person might feel lost, sick, tired, and weak.

Should I do if I am home alone and have a seizure?

Once the seizure is over, you can look at your symptoms and decide if you need to call a doctor or not. Tell a close friend or family member what happened, and ask them to come to your house if you can. Taking precautions before a possible seizure at home alone can make it much safer.

How can I deal with a disorder that causes me to have a lot of seizures?

  • People with epilepsy can take care of their condition by:
  • Using signs and signals
  • Following the right plan for eating and working out
  • Taking medicine every day
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Avoiding some risks, like swimming by you

How likely are things to get better after tonic-clonic seizures?

People with a tonic-clonic seizure have about a 40% chance of having another one. People who have had one tonic-clonic seizure are more likely to have another in the following days. But the chance of having another seizure goes down.

Can a tonic-clonic seizure kill someone?

Yes, a tonic-clonic seizure can cause death. Some people may seriously hurt themselves during a seizure, or if they are in water and have a seizure, they may drown. In epilepsy, someone can also die of sudden, unexpected death (SUDEP).


Seizures can be caused by epilepsy, injuries, and environmental factors. Bystanders can help someone with a seizure by following some simple first-aid tips.





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